The Rhine Valley, an area of considerable ecological wealth, is composed of a network of protected natural areas, on both the French and German sides. This is why numerous conservation measures coexist on the site of the nature reserve.

Conservation measures

  • The Rhine hunting and wild fauna reserve "Réserve de chasse et de faune sauvage du Rhin" concerns the course of the river from the northern city limits of Strasbourg to the border with Haut-Rhin: the Rohrschollen and Rhinau nature reserves are excluded from this perimeter in order not to superimpose conservation measures on these sites.
  • The Rhine and Rohrschollen Island are catalogued as Natural Zones of Ecological, Faunistic and Floristic Interest (ZNIEFF).

  • The Rhine in Strasbourg is part of a Zone of Community Interest for Birdlife (ZICO): Rhine Valley – Marckolsheim to Strasbourg.

Download the Natura 2000 areas map and the other protected areas map.



This sector was internationally recognised by being defined as a wetlands area in the Ramsar convention – "Upper Rhine / Oberrhein" – in 2008.


The Upper Rhine site constitutes:

  • One of the most extensive fluvial areas in Europe, hosting a mosaic of natural habitats, in particular phreatic springs, sparse grasslands and alluvial forests containing well conserved oak, elm and ash;

  • A breeding ground for large migrating fish (Atlantic Salmon, Sea Trout, Allis Shad, Sea Lamprey);

  • An overwintering site for waterfowl (60,000 birds in January).

It is characterised by:

  • A considerable wealth of species (9,000 plants, 260 birds, 55 dragonflies, 17 amphibians, 4 reptiles, 47 mammals...);

  • A very extensive underground water table offering an inestimable water resource.

Link to the Ramsar convention web site and to the Upper Rhine Ramsar web site.

Download the Upper Rhine Ramsar leaflet in french or in german.


Meloe© Philippe STEPHAN
Coots © Sylvain HELLIO
Common frog © Pierre BUCHERT